Trade cocoa online!

Price analysis before trading cocoa

Trade cocoa online!

{etoroCFDrisk}% of retail CFD accounts lose money -
Chart provided by Tradingview
Among the commodities in which you can invest in on the stock markets we find of course the agricultural and basic food commodities such as cocoa. Here again, it is extremely important to have a certain knowledge of this asset, its market and particularly how to analyse the price. This is what we shall examine here with some explanations on cocoa and the factors that influence its price.
Trade and invest in cocoa online
  • The cocoa price is quoted on the NYLEX market in New York and LIFFE in London.
  • Technical and fundamental analysis are used to analyse the cocoa price on the stock market
  • Cocoa prices move in line with global supply and demand
  • You can trade cocoa online using ETFs or CFDs.

Elements to consider before investing in this asset

Analysis N°1

Firstly, we would closely follow meteorological events that could impact the production of cocoa. When the conditions are unfavourable in the major producing countries this can significantly reduce the cocoa harvest.

Analysis N°2

In the same way, we would closely follow the geopolitical tension in Western Africa which is an unstable area with regular conflicts that could also exert a direct or indirect impact on the cocoa production of Ghana and the Ivory Coast.

Analysis N°3

Concerning demand, we would also follow its growth in the industrialised European countries as well as the United States and Japan which are the largest cocoa importers worldwide. Certain economic indicators such as the household purchasing power are also influential.

Analysis N°4

Finally, we would also monitor the foreign exchange market, particularly the American dollar rate. It should be remembered here that the cocoa price is quoted in American dollars and movements in this currency rate against other currencies will also have an impact on the purchase and sale of cocoa for investors or industrial clients that use another currency for payment.

Price analysis before trading cocoa
Trade cocoa online!
{etoroCFDrisk}% of retail CFD accounts lose money -
Trade cocoa online!

General presentation of cocoa and its uses:

Cocoa is a food product as well as a commodity traded on the stock markets.  It is in fact an agricultural commodity that is one of the most traded food commodities worldwide.

Cocoa beans come from cocoa trees and are used in the food industry worldwide in a number of ways. They are in fact used for the production of chocolate after the cocoa beans have been ground.  But other derived products are also manufactured from cocoa. This includes certain liqueurs, pastes, butter, cake and of course cocoa powder.

Currently, cocoa holds third position as one of the most traded commodities around the world.

More precisely, cocoa here relates to the powder obtained following the grinding of the cocoa beans which are the fruit of the cocoa tree. To better understand this market we can actually divide the cocoa industry into several distinct sectors as follows:

Of course, it is necessary to bear in mind, between these stages, the transport industry and particularly the maritime transport which is predominantly used for transporting the cocoa.

Trade cocoa online!
{etoroCFDrisk}% of retail CFD accounts lose money -

What should I know before investing in cocoa?

As you have undoubtedly understood, the cocoa market is an international market that functions mostly in the same way as for other commodities quoted on the financial stock markets. 

Concerning the production of cocoa, this is mainly in Africa, more precisely the Ivory Coast and Ghana which between them produce over 60% of the global production of cocoa. This represents more than 4 billion tons per year in fact. Other African countries also produce cocoa as well as certain South American and Indonesian countries. We also know that over 80% of the worldwide cocoa production is from family plantations which generally have a surface area of less than 10 hectares. 

Concerning the final part of this industry, the processing and consumption of cocoa is higher in Europe and on the American continent. A large part of the global cocoa market of the finished product is in fact controlled by a few western multinational companies. 

It should also be remembered that the global market is strongly influenced by the financial markets given that the physical trade prices and futures contracts for cocoa are fixed by the London and New York stock markets.


How is cocoa quoted on the stock markets and how is it traded?

Trading in cocoa, as with other agricultural food commodities, is completed over the counter as well as on certain regulated stock markets.

These markets are notably the NYMEX stock market, or New York Mercantile Exchange, that has been owned since 2008 by the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, and the LIFFE, or London International Financial Futures and Options Exchange.

It is therefore in the form of contracts that cocoa is traded on the markets. On the NYMEX the size of a standard contract is 10 tons. For the stock market quotation, the price for one ton of cocoa is quoted in American dollars with a minimum fluctuation of $1.

Trading in cocoa can be completed through futures contracts, options or derived products such as CFDs.

Of course, it is the supply and demand of cocoa that determines the price of this agricultural commodity. It is these phenomena that also determine the major movements in the long term trend of this asset price. A strong demand and a low supply will therefore lead to a higher price for cocoa and, to the contrary, a weaker demand and a higher supply will normally cause a drop in the price of this agricultural commodity. 


How to invest and trade cocoa?

Cocoa is an agricultural commodity that is mainly grown in countries in West Africa, South America and Asia. This raw material is used to produce chocolate, cosmetics and other products.

Cocoa futures contracts allow investors to speculate on the future price of cocoa. These contracts are traded on commodity markets around the world, such as the NYMEX in New York or the ICE Futures Europe in London. Futures contracts have a specific expiry date, on which investors must buy or sell the agreed quantity of cocoa at the agreed price. Futures contracts can be a risky investment and require in-depth knowledge of the market.

Cocoa-linked ETFs offer a simpler option for investors who wish to invest in cocoa. These ETFs allow investors to buy a share of a portfolio of stocks of companies involved in the cocoa industry, or a cocoa futures fund. ETFs can be bought and sold on exchanges like stocks.

Investors can also buy shares in companies involved in the cocoa industry, such as producers, processors or distributors. It is important to understand the company's business, financial health and potential risks before investing in shares.

Cocoa CFDs are another option for investors who want to speculate on cocoa prices. CFDs are financial instruments that allow you to trade up or down in the financial markets. Cocoa CFDs are offered by many online brokers, but it is important to note that CFDs are a risky investment and require a thorough knowledge of the market.

Finally, currency trading is another way to speculate on cocoa, as the commodity is often traded in US dollars. Investors can buy or sell currency pairs, such as the US dollar and the Swiss franc, which are linked to the value of cocoa. Currency trading is also a risky investment and requires a thorough knowledge of the market.

In summary, there are several investment and trading options for cocoa, each with potential risks and benefits. Before making an investment decision, it is recommended that you do thorough research on the financial markets and consult a qualified financial advisor.

Trade cocoa online!
{etoroCFDrisk}% of retail CFD accounts lose money -

What is the historical trend in the price of cocoa?

Cocoa prices have been extremely volatile over the last 100 years. Here are a few key points

Early 20th century:

Great Depression:

Second World War:

Post-war period:

1990s and 2000s:


Here is a summary table of cocoa price trends over the last 10 years: 

Year Average cocoa price (USD/tonne) Change from previous year
2014 2 600 +8.3%
2015 3 000 +15.4%
2016 3 200 +6.7%
2017 2 900 -9.4%
2018 2 700 -6.9%
2019 2 500 -7.4%
2020 2 300 -8.0%
2021 2 400 +4.3%
2022 2 800 +16.7%
2023  2 650 -5.4%


The different types of cocoa price analysis

Before trading and investing in cocoa, it is strongly recommended that you carry out a full analysis. There are two major types of analysis for the cocoa price: technical analysis and fundamental analysis.

Technical analysis:

Technical analysis is based on the study of charts and historical data of the cocoa price to identify trends and patterns. Technical analysts use tools such as moving averages, momentum indicators and Japanese candlesticks to predict future price movements.

Fundamental analysis:

Fundamental analysis is based on the study of economic, political and social factors that influence the supply and demand of cocoa. Fundamental analysts look at factors such as global cocoa production, chocolate consumption, weather conditions, geopolitical events and government policies to predict long-term cocoa price movements.

Frequently Asked Questions

Which are the major cocoa producers worldwide?

The current principal producing countries of cocoa are the Ivory Coast and Ghana which represent over 63% of the global production of cocoa beans. Then we find other countries such as Indonesia, Ecuador, the Cameroons, Nigeria and Brazil that generate the remaining and lesser volume. 

How to invest in the price of cocoa?

Although it is possible to directly invest in cocoa by buying a plantation, it is more common to speculate on this agricultural commodity through placement products such as trackers, options or futures contracts that replicate the performance of this commodity on the stock markets and, as they are not physical in nature, do not require storage of this commodity.

How do I trade cocoa with CFDs?

Trading cocoa with CFDs (Contracts for Difference) is a way of speculating on the price of cocoa without owning the underlying asset. When you trade cocoa with CFDs, you enter into a contract with a broker to trade the difference between the opening price and the closing price of the contract. If the cocoa price rises, you make money. If the cocoa price falls, you lose money.

What other agricultural commodities can be traded on the stock markets?

Cocoa is of course not the only agricultural or alimentary commodity that you can speculate in on the stock markets. There are other commodities available for trading such as sugar, principal cereals, coffee, tea and other basic food products such as milk or meat.

Trade cocoa online!
{etoroCFDrisk}% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider. You should consider whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money. This is an advert for trading CFDs on etoro