Trade the Dow Jones!

Dow Jones index analysis before investing and trading

Trade the Dow Jones!

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The American stock market indices as well as the assets of which they are composed are highly appreciated assets for traders. Among these indices one of the most important, and most popular is clearly the Dow Jones Industrial Average Index which is also known as the DJ30. This is in fact the largest American stock market index in terms of stock market capital. If you are interested in this stock market index we offer you the opportunity through this dedicated article to read pertinent information and stock market data about this index that will assist you in the preparation of your analyses of this index rate with explanations on its function and operation, its quotation, composition and factors that could influence its rate movements.
Trading the Dow Jones index: in brief
  • The Dow Jones index, also known as the Dow Jones Industrial Average or DJ 30, is one of the major US stock market indices.
  • The Dow Jones is made up of the 30 largest US companies in terms of capitalisation
  • It is possible to trade on the Dow Jones with CFDs or Contracts for Difference.
  • Some ETFs also track upward or downward trends, making it possible to invest in the Dow Jones.
  • Trading the Dow Jones index requires a good analysis of its price.

Elements to consider before investing in this asset

Analysis N°1

Firstly we know that the rate of the Dow Jones is calculated from data regarding the companies of which it is composed. It is therefore important to closely follow the news and financial results of these companies especially those that carry more weight in this major American stock market index.

Analysis N°2

The major economic data published by the American government is also highly important. This can particularly include the official figures relating to unemployment, the trade balance, the GDP growth rate, the inflation rate, retail sales, the sales of durable goods and industrial orders, corporate sentiment and consumer confidence.

Analysis N°3

The value of the American Dollar against other currencies is also a factor that can influence the movements in the Dow Jones as this will impact the profitability of imports or exports of the American companies quoted on this stock market index.

Analysis N°4

Finally, we would also follow the communications from the Fed, or American Federal Reserve, concerning the interest rates as well as the press conferences of this entity.

Dow Jones index analysis before investing and trading
Trade the Dow Jones!
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Trade the Dow Jones!

What do I need to know before trading the Dow Jones index?

Before investing in the Dow Jones, let's take a few moments to take a closer look at this market and its role. This stock market index was originally created in 1896 by the economist Charles Dow.  Since its creation the DJ30 index has experienced a strong expansion and over time has become one of the most traded indices on the American stock markets next to the Nasdaq, the S & P 500 and the Russell 2000.

Given the age and history of this stock market index, the Dow Jones also enables an overview and understanding of the historical growth of the American economy over more than a century.

The Dow Jones Industrial Average which is more commonly known as the Dow Jones 30 is a well established and respected index on the American stock markets. As indicated by its name it is composed of the 30 top American companies in terms of stock market capital.

Concerning the calculation of the Dow Jones index rate it should be noted that this index is weighted according to the value of the company shares of which it is composed, not according to the companies’ stock market capitals as is the case with the Japanese Nikkei 225 stock market index. This fact is important as it directly influences the weight each company can have in the calculation of this index.

The Dow Jones is not only followed by stock market investors, it is also monitored by economists worldwide as it is one of the oldest indicators of the American economic health. It is therefore considered that a rise in the rate of the Dow Jones Index represents a growing American economy whereas, to the contrary, a fall in the rate of this index indicates a crisis or recession of this economy.

Although the Dow Jones is particularly popular with investors, the same is true for some of the assets of which it is composed which are highly sought after and traded throughout the world such as Nike, Walt Disney, McDonalds and Goldman Sachs. In fact, all activity sectors are represented in this exceptional stock market index.

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How to invest online in the Dow Jones?

There are several ways of investing in the Dow Jones stock market index online, and we'll explain them in detail here.


Investing in the Dow Jones with ETFs

Investing in the Dow Jones using ETFs (Exchange Traded Funds) offers a practical and diversified way of tracking the performance of this iconic stock market index. ETFs generally replicate the composition and performance of the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA), allowing investors to buy a share of the whole index rather than individual stocks.

Dow Jones ETFs offer instant exposure to a diversified basket of stocks from the 30 largest US companies. This diversification reduces stock-specific risk and provides balanced exposure to different sectors of the economy.

Here are some examples of ETFs that track the performance of the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA):


Trading the Dow Jones with CFDs or Contracts for Difference

Trading the Dow Jones with Contracts for Difference (CFDs) offers investors a flexible method of speculating on the price movements of this iconic stock market index.

CFDs allow traders to use leverage, which means they can control a larger position with less initial capital. This amplifies potential gains, but also exposes traders to an increased risk of loss, as losses can also be magnified.

With CFDs, traders can take either long (buy) or short (sell) positions on the Dow Jones. This means that traders can potentially make profits even when the index is falling, by taking advantage of directional movements in the market. Dow Jones CFDs offer high liquidity and are traded on 24-hour online platforms. Traders can open and close positions quickly during market hours.

Let's say a trader wants to speculate on a rise in the Dow Jones using CFDs. Here is an example of CFD trading on the Dow Jones:

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Performance of the Dow Jones stock market index

The Dow Jones index, created in 1896, is one of the oldest and most closely followed stock market indices in the world. It tracks the performance of the 30 largest US companies listed on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE).

Here are the major stages in its historical development :

19th century:

Early 20th century:


The 1950s and 1960s:


1980s and 1990s:

The 2000s:



Here is a table showing the evolution of the Dow Jones share price over the last 10 years: 

Year Closing value Annual change (%)
2023 34,958.27 -10.74%
2022 39,236.74 26.89%
2021 31,025.47 18.71%
2020 26,290.94 -5.59%
2019 27,898.14 6.57%
2018 26,536.99 -5.26%
2017 27,716.28 25.13%
2016 22,113.99 13.67%
2015 19,453.36 -2.43%
2014 19,974.54 7.31%

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What are the opening days and periods of the Dow Jones Index?

As you can imagine and given that the Dow Jones is an American Index, the trading hours and the quotation times of this index are not the same as those of the European markets and stock market indices.  

Concerning the time when it is possible to invest in the rate of the Dow Jones index, the opening hours are from 9.30 a.m. to 4 p.m. Eastern time. The opening of the American stock markets trading period is in fact when the Asian markets have already been closed for two hours. However part of the American trading session overlaps the European trading sessions as the European financial marketplaces are still open when trading starts in the USA. These trading periods when the American and European markets  are both open simultaneously are particularly volatile with traders from both areas extremely present and active, the volumes traded are also of course very high.

We then note a general downturn in trades at around 10 p.m. European time until the Asian markets open. However, given that the trading on the Dow Jones is completed through the use of derived products it is possible to take position at almost any time on its rate.

Attention should also be paid to the opening and closing days of the American stock markets which may not be the same as those of the European markets in certain cases.  Of course, the quotations for the U.S. market are available from Monday to Friday with a break over the weekend. The American stock markets are also closed on the American bank holidays which are as follows: 

It should be noted here that the economic publications in the United States are also not released at the same time as in Europe. On the market brokers online trading platforms you will find economic calendars that will enable you to learn when the major publications and announcements are expected from the American government. Certain events such as the publication of economic figures, political events or meetings of the Fed are particularly followed by investors and can sometimes occur when the European markets are closed.


How do you perform a technical and fundamental analysis of the Dow Jones?

The two types of analysis to use if you want to get bullish or bearish signals from the Dow Jones are fundamental and technical analysis.

The first analysis, fundamental analysis, is an analysis that will use the market events and publications that are most likely to influence the price of this stock index. Since the Dow Jones reflects the US economy, it is important to keep a close eye on the events that impact the economic health of this country and the different publications of figures such as the unemployment rate, durable goods orders or GDP.

Technical analysis will focus on the study of trends and chart volatility of this index. The objective of this analysis is to discover cyclical movements in order to predict possible future movements. Technical indicators such as MACD, Bollinger Bands, RSI, moving averages, pivot points and support and resistance levels are used for this purpose. All these indicators can be displayed live on the customisable charts provided by online brokers and dealers.


How do I create a trading account to invest in the Dow Jones?

To create a trading account and start trading the Dow Jones, follow these steps:

1. Find an online broker:

Find a reputable and reliable online broker that offers Dow Jones trading. Make sure that the broker is regulated by a competent financial authority and that it offers features tailored to your trading needs.

2. Fill in the registration form:

Once you have chosen a broker, visit their website and look for the account opening option. Fill in the registration form, providing your personal details such as name, address, telephone number and e-mail address.

3. Verification of identity:

For regulatory compliance reasons, you may be required to provide identification documents to verify your identity. This may include a copy of your passport or identity card and proof of your residential address.

4. Choose the type of account:

Select the type of trading account that best suits your needs and trading style. Brokers often offer different account types, such as individual accounts, joint accounts, retirement accounts and so on.

5. Deposit funds:

Once your account has been approved, you will need to deposit funds to start trading. Brokers offer various deposit options, such as bank transfers, credit/debit cards and e-wallets. Make sure you deposit an amount you can afford to lose, as trading involves risk.

6. Download the trading platform:

Some brokers offer their own trading platform, while others use third-party platforms such as MetaTrader. Download and install the trading platform on your computer or mobile device to access the financial markets and place trading orders.

7. Start trading:

Once your account is funded and the trading platform is set up, you can start trading the Dow Jones. Search for the index in the trading platform, select the position size and place your first order based on your market analysis and trading strategy.

Frequently Asked Questions

How do I trade the Dow Jones online?

To trade the Dow Jones online, you can use Contracts for Difference (CFDs) via an online trading platform. Choose a regulated broker offering CFDs on the Dow Jones, open a trading account, deposit funds and then access the trading platform. Search for the Dow Jones CFD instrument, analyse the market, decide on your trading strategy (buy or short), set your stop-loss and take-profit levels, and place your order in just a few clicks. Then monitor your position and manage it according to market trends.

When was the Dow Jones Index created and by whom?

It was in 1884 that the Dow Jones stock market index was created. It was born from the idea of two journalists, Charles Dow and Edward Jones who, after leaving a financial press agency, created this Dow Jones company and began to value industrial values with the greatest potential. Initially and out of the 11 companies listed there, 9 are railway companies. The other two companies are Western Union and Pacific Mail.

How does the Dow Jones correlate with other stock market indices?

You are aware that the international stock markets as well as the major world stock indexes are more and more dependent on each other and that this phenomenon has intensified over the past fifteen years. Also, the annual performances of the American Dow Jones index gradually approached the performances of other international indices including the CAC 40, the DAX 30 and the FTSE100.

Why is the calculation of the Dow Jones considered imperfect?

Some analysts believe that the calculation of the Dow Jones is imperfect because it is one of the rare indices with the Nikkei 225 which is weighted on the value of the stocks which compose it and not on the market capitalization of these values. Also and also because only 30 companies are listed there, the Dow Jones index is no longer the benchmark stock market index for the American economy and has been replaced by the S & P500.

Trade the Dow Jones!
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